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Information for Authors and Reviewers

Thanks for planning to publish your article in this journal (Inquiries Biochemistry). We are highly interested in publishing your valuable work.

Author(s) must prepare their manuscript in accordance with the following guidelines before manuscript submission, so that such manuscript will deserve being peer-reviewed. Many authors are able to considerably increase the chances of having their manuscripts accepted for publication in Inquiries Biochemistry by strictly following these guidelines.

Strict Limits on Contents
Just like our readers, we treasure concision. Therefore, authors should put in tremendous efforts in ensuring that their manuscripts are as concise as possible without negatively affecting readability and comprehensibility. Strict limits on contents exist and are effective. No manuscript should exceed these limits. If you have difficulty staying within these limits, please, contact us (journals [@] oninquiries [.] com) before you submit your manuscript.

Word Counts (Excluding Tables, Figures, and References)
Research: 3500
Review: 4500
Editorial: 1500
Letter: 600
Analysis: 2000
Method: 2500
Case Report: 1500
Personal View: 2000
Career: 1500

Number of Tables and Figures
Research: 6
Review: 8
Editorial: 2
Letter: 2
Analysis: 3
Method: 3
Case Report: 2
Personal View: 2
Career: 2

Number of References
Research: 50
Review: 100
Editorial: 30
Letter: 10
Analysis: 30
Method: 30
Case Report: 20
Personal View: 15
Career: 20

It helps (and it is highly recommended), but not mandatory, that authors have the following sections in their manuscripts.

The title should be as short as possible. Unnecessary words or phrases that would not significantly add to the information contained in the title must be avoided. Some keywords with which potential readers may search for the paper should be included in the title.

The corresponding author must ensure that everyone who meets authorship criteria is listed as an author, and that the list excludes anyone who does not meet authorship criteria.

Article Type
Authors should state the type of the article (research, or review article, etc.).

Just like appropriate title, appropriate keyword list helps to ensure that an article is properly indexed by dedicated systems and thus easy to locate by potential readers. Authors should include appropriate keywords in their manuscript.

Abstract should be written in a single paragraph of 150 words or less. In rare cases, up to 175 words may be allowed. The abstract must contain the scope and principal objectives of the investigation. It must concisely summarize the results and principal conclusions of the study with minimal or no details of the methods. Again, the abstract should not exceed 150 words. It is only in rare cases that up to 175 words may be allowed. Abstract should be as concise as possible. The abstract (together with the title) should be able to stand alone if necessary.

The introduction should present pertinent literature. It must proceed gradually from the most general aspects of the current field/work that the readers may already know to the more specific/difficult/novel aspect around/on which the paper focuses. The introduction should be well-referenced. However, it must be written in a way that the references do not interfere with readability and comprehensibility of the text. The introduction should be between 100 and 500 words.

Overall Summary of Findings
This section should contain two to three sentences that summarize the most important contributions of the work to the current body of knowledge.

In the result section, authors should present the findings and display items (such as tables and figures). The results should be clearly stated using simple words. Readability and comprehensibility should be prioritized so that authors’ novel findings are communicated effectively. Appropriate figures and tables should be included to ease the communication. Authors should prepare figures and tables in accordance with the specified guidelines.

In the discussion, authors should discuss everything that will help readers to understand the entire results and link them to how they have achieved the aims of the study and contributed something significant to the existing body of knowledge. Authors must, however, be concise and specific. Authors must use this section to convey how the results and conclusions of the study are important and how they would influence the understanding of the problem studied. It helps to organize the information from the very specific to the more general. Supporting evidences and literature must be used judiciously. This section must clearly state how the research question has been answered. The implications of such answer should also be stated. Authors should evaluate and discuss both supporting and conflicting explanations of the study’s results. Any unexpected finding should also be discussed. It also helps to provide one or two recommendations on what subsequent research studies should focus on.

This methods section must clearly present the design of the research as well as all the procedures followed. Standard and well-documented procedures can be adequately reported by merely making reference to the original source. However, any modification to any standard/documented procedures must be clearly stated. In essence, this section should be written in a way that makes the whole research reproducible by any other researcher with appropriate basic background knowledge.

References must be numbered in the order they appear in the text, and the numbers must be placed in square brackets (e.g. [1]; [2, 3]; [4-6] ...) and NOT as superscripts or subscripts. It is exclusively authors' responsibility to ensure completeness and accuracy all references (both within the manuscript's texts and at the end of manuscript). List of references should be written following a modified version of Vancouver Referencing Style with some examples given below. Please, note that references must be numbered and listed in the order in which they appear in the text (and not in alphabetical order).

[1] Seal A, Kerac M. Operational implications of using 2006 World Health Organization growth standards in nutrition programmes: secondary data analysis. BMJ. 2007;334:733. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/334/7596/733. Accessed on July 2, 2015.

[2] Ceriotti G, Spandro L. A spectrophotometric method for determination of urea. Clin Chem Acta 1963;8:295­9.

[3] Guyton AC, Hall JE. Textbook of medical physiology. 10th ed. India, New Delhi: Elsevier; 2001. p. 309­10.

[4] FDA/CEDR resources page. Food and Drug Administration Web site. Available from: http://www.fda.gov/cder/approval/index.htm. Accessed on July 2, 2015.

[5] On Inquiries. [homepage on the Internet]. 2015 [updated 2015 June 24]. Available from: http://www.rrpjournals.com/. Accessed on July 3, 2015.

[6] Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD­ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

[7] Beers MH, Porter RS, Jones TV, Kaplan JL, Berkwits M, editors. The Merck manual of diagnosis and therapy. 18th ed. Whitehouse Station (NJ): Merck Research Laboratories; 2006.

[8] Stedman's Medical Dictionary. 26th ed. Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins; 1995.

[9] Royal Adelaide Hospital; University of Adelaide, Department of Clinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and practice development, 1999­2000. Adelaide (Australia): Adelaide University; 2001.

[10] Kay JG. Intracellular cytokine trafficking and phagocytosis in macrophages [PhD thesis]. St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland; 2007.

[11] Glennon RA, Dukat M. Serotonin receptors and drugs affecting serotonergic neurotransmission. In: Williams DA, Lemke TL, editors. Foye's principles of medicinal chemistry. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Tables must be self-explanatory and be capable of standing alone. Tables should be used if and only if they help in conveying the most important message of the work. The title of the table should be brief and descriptive. Footnotes should be used as necessary. Authors should insert the most important tables in the main manuscript file and number them consecutively. Less important tables should be placed in the supplementary materials.

Just like tables, figures must be self-explanatory and be capable of standing alone. Figures should be used if and only if they help in conveying the most important message of the work. Where necessary, a figure may contain many related sub-figures. Each figure must have a caption, which must be brief and descriptive. Authors should insert the most important figures in the main manuscript file and number them consecutively. Less important figures should be placed in the supplementary materials. Each figure must have a white background (except for where it is impossible). Since, we hope to be able to insert each figure into one of the columns (i.e. into the left or the right column in the two-column layout we use), it is preferred that each figure has a width of 9.0 cm or less. Authors should adhere to these guidelines except where it is impossible to do so.

Supplementary Information
Less important information that may otherwise be helpful to some (often, very technical) readers should be put together as supplementary information. The files (preferably, only one file) containing such information should only be submitted upon request or after the manuscript has been accepted for publication. This means that (most often) the supplementary information will not be reviewed or edited. Authors should divide the supplementary information into sections (and sub-sections) as necessary.

Whenever necessary and important, authors may submit videos as part of supplementary information. In such case, authors must submit a high definition video. The most preferred video format is MP4.

Acknowledgements/Sources of Support
It is the exclusive responsibility of the author(s) to ensure that all those who contributed to the work but who do not meet authorship criteria are adequately acknowledged in this section. Sources of (say, financial) supports may also be acknowledged here.

Conflict of Interests
Authors must declare any existing conflicts of interest.

Authors should submit their manuscripts online at http://oninquiries.com/manuscripts/biochemistry.

We value every contribution and try to send all submitted manuscripts for peer-review. We, however, reserve the rights to (and will) promptly reject poorly written manuscripts, manuscripts of low-quality work, or manuscripts of work that may not be of interests to a significant proportion of our audience. Once back from two or three peer-reviewers, a manuscript may be accepted in its current form, returned to the author(s) for revision, or rejected.

It shall be the duty of first and/or corresponding author to ensure that all those who meet the general criteria for authorship have been listed as authors, and that no one who is not an author has been included in the list of authors, and also, that all those who contributed to the work but who do not meet the authorship criteria have been adequately acknowledged. and that Legal Issues and Authors' Responsibilities is read and completely understood prior to manuscript submission.

This publishing house shall solely own the copyrights of/to each published article. This is to aid the distribution and communication of the work to/with all interested academic and professional communities (as well as to the public). Submitting a manuscript to this journal or to any of the publications of this publishing house confirms that the authors understand and agree with/to this. Nonetheless, this publishing house recognizes that the work reported in each manuscript constitute intellectual properties of the authors. Therefore, any distribution or communication of the published work shall bear the authors’ names in its first page or on its first section and/or a citation/reference to the original publication.

Author(s) will have the total scientific, legal, or any other forms of responsibilities whatsoever for any information contained in or implied by his/her/their manuscript(s) and the resulting article(s), and be liable for any public or government actions or reactions that such contents might raise/cause immediately and/or in the future. It is also the responsibility of author(s) to ensure that no considerable part of his/her/their manuscript(s) has/have previously been published or is/are being considered for possible publication elsewhere, otherwise author(s) may be reported for academic fraud (such as plagiarism). It shall be the responsibility of the author(s) to ensure that all the appropriate authorizations/permissions with respect to ethical issues, adapted materials (especially pictures and figures), patients' consents, and any potential legal issues, had been taken care of and that, where necessary, permissions had been sought and granted by appropriate person or agent in written or any other valid form prior to manuscript submission.